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Year

Day

August 27, 2020
Viewpoint

Understanding Patient Perspectives on Single-Sided Deafness

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.2287

This Viewpoint encourages clinicians to listen to patient concerns regarding the varying treatment options available for single-sided deafness.

Original Investigation

Assessment of Speech Understanding After Cochlear Implantation in Adult Hearing Aid Users: A Nonrandomized Controlled Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.1584

This nonrandomized controlled trial investigates the safety and effectiveness of a single-ear cochlear implant in a group of optimized adult hearing aid users with and without mild cognitive impairment across a variety of outcome domains.

Hearing and Quality-of-Life Outcomes After Cochlear Implantation in Adult Hearing Aid Users 65 Years or Older: A Secondary Analysis of a Nonrandomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.1585

This secondary analysis of a nonrandomized clinical trial explores the audiometric and holistic effects of cochlear implantation in a group of adults 65 years or older compared with an optimized bilateral hearing aid condition.

Assessment of Cochlear Implants for Adult Medicare Beneficiaries Aged 65 Years or Older Who Meet Expanded Indications of Open-Set Sentence Recognition: A Multicenter Nonrandomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.2286

This multicenter nonrandomized clinical trial examines the effectiveness of cochlear implants, as measured by improvement on the AzBio Sentence Test, for newly implanted Medicare beneficiaries who meet the expanded indications of an AzBio Sentence Test score of 41% to 60% in their best-aided condition.

Invited Commentary

Cochlear Implant Today…Pill Tomorrow

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.2285
Review

Unilateral Cochlear Implants for Severe, Profound, or Moderate Sloping to Profound Bilateral Sensorineural Hearing Loss: A Systematic Review and Consensus Statements

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.0998

This systematic review and consensus study uses a modified Delphi consensus process, informed by a systematic review of the literature and 30 international specialists, to develop 20 evidence-based consensus statements regarding the use of unilateral cochlear implants in adults with severe, profound, or moderate sloping to profound bilateral sensorineural hearing loss.

Observation

Facial Nerve Intraneural Perineurioma Masquerading as a Schwannoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.2098

This case report descreibes a woman in her 30s who presented with worsening left-sided facial weakness and was diagnosed with a perineurioma.

An Unlikely Cause of Headaches and Temporomandibular Joint Pain in a Young Woman

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.2182

This case report describes a woman in her 20s who underwent chemoradiation for cervical carcinoma and subsequently presented with headaches and right-sided temporomandibular joint pain.

Comment & Response

A Cost-effective Solution to Limit Aerosol Transmission of Infectious Agents During Mastoid Drilling

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.2417

A Cost-effective Solution to Limit Aerosol Transmission of Infectious Agents During Mastoid Drilling

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.2420

A Cost-Effective Solution to Limit Aerosol Transmission of Infectious Agents During Mastoid Drilling—Reply

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.2412
August 20, 2020
Reflections

The Worst Patient—A Physician With COVID-19

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.2435

This essay describes the author’s experience of having COVID-19.

Original Investigation

Utility of Smartphone Telemedical Consultations for Peritonsillar Abscess Diagnosis and Triage

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.1972

This comparative effectiveness research study explores the potential of otolaryngology telemedical consultation in triaging and diagnosing patients with suspected peritonsillar abscess.

Invited Commentary

The “New” PTAs—Practical Telehealth Applications

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.2284
Clinical Challenge

Radiology

Enhancing Skull Base Structure Along the Carotid Sheath in a Patient With Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.2260

A 62-year-old man presents with metastatic p16-positive squamous cell carcinoma and a primary cancer in the right tonsil. What is your diagnosis?

Observation

Response to Electrochemotherapy in a Patient With Advanced Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.2093

This case report describes a 61-year-old man who presented with dysphagia, drooling, and an ulcerated mass in the right oropharyngeal region.

Comment & Response

Trying to Define Sinonasal Medications

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.2192

Trying to Define Sinonasal Medications—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.2193
August 13, 2020
Original Investigation

From the American Head and Neck Society

Evaluating Adjuvant Therapy With Chemoradiation vs Radiation Alone for Patients With HPV-Negative N2a Head and Neck Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 13, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.2107

This cohort study uses data from the National Cancer Database to assess whether adding chemotherapy to adjuvant radiation therapy is associated with improved survival among patients with human papillomavirus–negative head and neck squamous cell carcinoma with extranodal extension from a single lymph node smaller than 3 cm.

Comparison of Fundamental Frequency in Postmenopausal Women Who Are Treated With Hormone Replacement Therapy vs Those Who Are Not: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 13, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.2174

This systematic review and meta-analysis compares the voice frequency of postmenopausal women with normal body mass index (BMI) who used hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and those who did not use HRT.

Clinical Challenge

Radiology

Dysphagia and Pharyngeal Cyst

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 13, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.1767

A 73-year-old woman with chronic cervical neck pain presents with complaints of globus sensation, dysphagia, and localized throat swelling. She has a 1.5-cm cystlike mass on her left lateral pharyngeal wall. What is your diagnosis?

Observation

Eustachian Tube Rhabdomyomatous Mesenchymal Hamartoma in a Pediatric Patient

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 13, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.1801

This case report describes a young girl who presented with a history of chronic, unilateral middle ear effusion that was treated with a pressure equalization tube.

From the American Head and Neck Society

Pediatric Unicentric Castleman Disease of the Temporalis Muscle

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 13, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.1929

This case report describes a man who first presented with unicentric Castleman disease at age 12 years who presented at age 25 years with compressive symptoms during mastication and asymmetry of the temporal region.

Ultrastructural Evidence of Direct Viral Damage to the Olfactory Complex in Patients Testing Positive for SARS-CoV-2

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 13, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.2366

This case report describes clinicopathologic and ultrastructural postmortem findings observed in the olfactory system of 2 patients with SARS-CoV-2.

Comment & Response

Combination Antiviral Therapy in Patients With Bell Palsy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 13, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.2171

Combination Antiviral Therapy in Patients With Bell Palsy—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 13, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.2170
August 6, 2020
Original Investigation

Using Intraoperative Recordings to Evaluate Surgical Technique and Performance in Mastoidectomy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 6, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.2063

This quality improvement study examines which techniques used in mastoidectomy can serve as indicators of surgeon level and whether these determinations of technique can be made based solely on the movement of the drill head or suction.

Clinical Challenge

Pathology

Rare Presentation of Progressive Saddle Nose Deformity

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 6, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.1756

A young woman presents with saddle nose deformity, an unremarkable medical history, and elevated complement C and total hemolytic complement levels. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Association of Lymph Node Ratio With Overall Survival in Patients With Metastatic Papillary Thyroid Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 6, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.2053

This cohort study examines the association of the lymph node ratio with overall survival in patients with papillary thyroid cancer.

Observation

A Curious Case of Persistent Throat Pain—Bone Fragment in the Parapharyngeal Space

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 6, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.1583

This case report describes a man in his 20s who presented with persistent, severe, right-sided, throbbing throat pain and dysphagia and was found to have bony mass in the parapharyngeal space following a tonsillectomy.

JAMA Otolaryngology Patient Page

Immunotherapy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online August 6, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.1798

This Patient Page describes the risks and benefits of immunotherapy for the treatment of common allergies.

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