The work of the Children's Bureau up to January 1 was principally concerned with the immediate care of refugee and rapatrié children, the establishment of hospitals, clinics and refugee homes, and the aiding of both French and American child welfare societies in their work. During these first six months a preliminary study was made of general health conditions in France, as related to mothers, infants and children. These problems, outside of the immediate undertakings referred to, are not, generally speaking, acute, but simply the inevitable result of the withdrawal of physicians from general practice.
GENERAL HEALTH CONDITIONS
If one could picture cities, towns and villages practically devoid of medical and nursing service for the general population, one would have a fairly accurate idea of the health conditions in France after four years of war. The larger cities have from 50 per cent. to 25 per cent. less physicians than before.
WILLIAM PALMER LUCAS. RED CROSS INFANT MORTALITY CAMPAIGN IN FRANCE. Am J Dis Child. 1918;16(4):212–219. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1918.01910160007002