Orange juice has long been known in medical textbooks and journals as an efficient and marked antiscorbutic. In some textbooks and in many works for nurses and mothers it has also been given recognition with other fruit juices as being a laxative or mild cathartic. But aside from these general statements the literature is barren of definite data giving an idea of its true position as a laxative or mild cathartic.
Recently McCollum and Pitz1 have claimed that the antiscorbutic effect of orange juice was due to its cathartic properties. One of us soon afterward doubted the validity of this argument and at the same time first called attention2 to the presence of oliguria in some cases of scurvy and to the marked diuretic effect of orange juice in some of these. It was believed, however, that this very marked diuretic effect of orange juice in the oliguric
H. J. GERSTENBERGER, W. M. CHAMPION. THE CONSTIPATING QUALITIES OF ORANGE JUICE. Am J Dis Child. 1919;18(2):88–92. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1919.04110320017003