Keratomalacia, which has been defined by de Schweinitz as infantile ulceration of the cornea with xerosis of the conjunctiva, is synonymous with xerophthalmia, but as the most characteristic changes take place in the cornea, keratomalacia is possibly the term of choice. The four cases herewith recorded are published on account of the light which has recently been thrown on the etiology of a disease comparatively rare in this country. The first two cases were taken from the records of the Children's Department of the Johns Hopkins Hospital, and the last two cases were observed by me in the same clinic during the past year. They are the only cases which have occurred in more than 28,000 admissions to the clinic.
REPORT OF CASES
—M. W. G., female, white, aged 3½ months, was admitted June 29, 1917.
—Acute gastro-intestinal indigestion; keratomalacia; sclerema.
—Family history negative. Full term,
ROSS SG. NUTRITIONAL KERATOMALACIA IN INFANTS: WITH A REPORT OF FOUR CASES. Am J Dis Child. 1921;22(3):232–243. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1921.04120030011002
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