Congenital goiter was first described by von Ammon,1 with Heinrich Adelmann as a collaborator, in 1839. From this time to the present day about one hundred cases have been reported, but there has been little or no advancement in the etiology of the condition. Following von Ammon's original work, many papers were published during the nineteenth century. Demme and Dorr, in reports from the Jener Hospital at Berne, published fifty-six cases of goiter in the new-born between 1862 and 1884; twenty-seven of these cases appeared in boys, and twenty-nine in girls. Commandeur2 noted twelve cases, all of which appeared in perfectly developed children. About the same time Fabre and Thevenot,3 after a careful search of literature, gathered 130 cases published up to that time. Two cases were reported by Peterson.4 They are chiefly of surgical interest.
There are two theories as to the origin of congenital
PORTER WB, VONDERLEHR RA. CONGENITAL GOITERREPORT OF FOUR CASES. Am J Dis Child. 1921;22(5):477–480. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1921.04120050048007
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