The purpose of these observations was to determine whether or not an increase in the leukocyte count accompanies the transient fever which frequently occurs in the new-born during the first week of life. It has long been thought that this fever may be due to dehydration. Holt,1 in 1895, pointed out that it occurred in infants who had lost a great deal of weight (a part of which, presumably, is due to water loss), and that it could be cured by the administration of fluids. In a recent paper,2 it was shown that the transient fever of the new-born is associated with a decrease in the plasma water, as indicated by an increase in the protein concentration of serum, determined refractometrically. The oral administration of warm water results in a drop in the temperature to normal within from thirty to ninety minutes. This is accompanied by an increase
BAKWIN H, MORRIS RM. THE LEUKOCYTE COUNT IN THE NEW-BORN WITH DEHYDRATION FEVER. Am J Dis Child. 1923;26(1):23–28. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1923.04120130026002
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