It is a well established fact that anemic children are prone to infections. Moreover, the course of infections in such children is apt to be particularly severe. It is not uncommon for us to see the same poorly nourished. anemic child returning to the hospital or dispensary repeatedly, with recurrent infections of one or another part of the body. Anemic children are not only more prone to infectious processes but they appear to stand them poorly, and, as we are apt to say, seem to have a lowered resistance.
We have observed a number of such infants, whose general condition was poor and whose blood revealed distinct secondary anemia, stricken with acute infections of the lung. In some, the pulmonary process appeared in the form of bronchopneumonia; in others, as lobar pneumonia. In some, the pneumonia was secondary to an upper respiratory infection, tonsillitis, pharyngitis and otitis; in others, the
BASS MH. THE ASSOCIATION OF ANEMIA AND PNEUMONIA IN INFANTSTREATMENT BY BLOOD TRANSFUSION. Am J Dis Child. 1925;29(3):318–328. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1925.04120270019003
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