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November 1925

CRANIOTABES: ITS PREVALENCE AND SIGNIFICANCE

Author Affiliations

PORTLAND, ORE.

Am J Dis Child. 1925;30(5):683-689. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1925.01920170087009
Abstract

The earliest recorded description of craniotabes was made in 1843 by Elsässer,1 who considered it a rachitic phenomenon. He defined this condition as areas of parchment-like bone found chiefly in the occipital and parietal regions. Friedleben,2 in 1860, was the first to note its presence during the early weeks of life. Bohn3 believed this early softening to be nonrachitic, but that appearing after the second or third month to be rachitic. Wieland,4 after a study of 734 cases of craniotabes, most of which were found during the early months, concluded that none of the patients were rachitic, in spite of the fact that he found it more frequently in colored babies. He based his conclusions on the fact that the condition appeared when undisputed signs of rickets were few or absent and disappeared when other signs were progressing.

Among the more recent writers, Hess5 believes

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