Tuberculosis of the mesenteric lymph nodes is found in children with great frequency, but the presence of the disease in these structures has been brought to light at necropsy or at operation rather than by examination during life. The pathologist often finds the lymph nodes of the abdomen the seat of caseous or calcifying tuberculosis, when the possibility had never entered the mind of the clinician, and the surgeon often encounters tuberculous nodes in the abdomen when fully expecting to meet an acute condition of a nontuberculous nature. In discussing abdominal tuberculosis in children, Still1 points out that the condition is not common from the clinician's standpoint, "but from the more reliable estimate of the pathologist, abdominal tuberculosis would seem to be one of the commonest of all tuberculous lesions in children." "My own statistics," he writes, "show that 88.3 per cent of tuberculous children have tuberculous lesions in
DUNHAM EC, SMYTHE AM. TUBERCULOSIS OF ABDOMINAL LYMPH NODES: DIAGNOSIS BY MEANS OF THE ROENTGEN RAY. Am J Dis Child. 1926;31(6):815–831. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1926.04130060056002
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