This study will be confined to ten infants who developed pyopneumothorax spontaneously during the course of an attack of pneumonia. The pulmonary lesion in each instance was a bronchopneumonia secondary to bronchitis or disease of the upper respiratory tract, but not to any of the acute infectious diseases of childhood, such as whooping cough, diphtheria or measles.
The literature on pyopneumothorax complicating bronchopneumonia in infants and in young children is meager. I am certain, however, from my experience with pyopneumothorax at the Babies' Hospital that this disease in infants is not so rare as the literature would indicate: it is often not recognized. There have been fifteen children under 3 years of age in the hospital with the disease in the past sixteen years, but twice as many were recognized as having pyopneumothorax in the past four years as in the previous twelve.
Huber and Hirsch1 reported a case
JOHNSON FE. PYOPNEUMOTHORAX IN INFANTS: A REPORT OF TEN CASES COMPLICATING PNEUMONIA. Am J Dis Child. 1927;33(5):740–756. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1927.04130170038007
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