At the present time, there is a general appreciation of the importance of subjecting to a complete urologic survey every patient who presents symptoms and signs pointing toward lesions of the genito-urinary tract. Unfortunately, the same feeling of responsibility and the same point of view are not at hand in the case of an infant or a child. Yet it is a well recognized fact that during infancy and childhood practically all of the various lesions of the urinary tract that are encountered in adults present themselves for diagnosis and treatment. There are two exceptions to this statement: enlargement of the prostate does not occur, and carcinoma is exceedingly rare. Formerly many adults were treated by means of internal medication without any attempt to determine the cause of the disorder, and were carried along beyond any reasonable time during which a cure might be expected. Today the same relative situation
KRETSCHMER HL. UROLOGIC PROBLEMS IN INFANCY AND CHILDHOOD. Am J Dis Child. 1927;33(6):952–977. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1927.04130180087011
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