Cardiospasm in infancy and childhood is extremely rare. This is evidenced by the fact that in over 20,000 roentgen-ray studies of the gastro-intestinal tract made at Bellevue Hospital over a period of six years, the case reported in this paper represents the first one encountered in a child 11 years of age.
A survey of the literature from 1879 to the present time reveals reports of only eleven authentic cases.
CASES REPORTED IN THE LITERATURE
Case 1 (Gottstein1).—A boy, aged 4 years, complained of dysphagia and vomiting even when small amounts of food were eaten. A sound met with resistance at the cardia. Esophagoscopy showed a normal but contracted cardia, so that the instrument could not be passed. Narcosis failed to relieve this spasm.Case 2 (Freund2).—A boy, aged 2 years and 3 months, was breast fed until he was 4 months old; then he was
MESSELOFF CR, SHULMAN HI, BUCKSTEIN J. CARDIOSPASM IN INFANCY AND IN CHILDHOODREPORT OF A CASE IN A CHILD ELEVEN YEARS OF AGE. Am J Dis Child. 1928;35(3):427–437. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1928.01920210072008
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