The case reported is unusual. It is that of a premature infant, born of a mother who was ill with pneumonia during the eighth month of pregnancy; the infant died three days after birth from extensive pneumonia, empyema and pneumococcemia.
The subject of intra-uterine pneumonia is by no means new, and has received the attention of some investigators for many years. That different drugs may be transmitted from mother to fetus has been known for a long time. Ether can be detected in the respiratory air of the new-born when the mother received the anesthetic during the delivery. Morphine, strychnine, metallic poisons, various toxins and immune bodies have all been demonstrated in the fetus and traced to their origin in, and transmission from, the mother.
Bacterial invasion of the fetus has been demonstrated many times, but the origin and mode of transmission is still in dispute. The placenta is imputed
ABRAHAM S. GORDON, MAX LEDERER. INTRA-UTERINE LOBAR PNEUMONIA AND PNEUMOCOCCEMIA. Am J Dis Child. 1928;36(4):764–773. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1928.01920280115010