A case of pulmonary embolism and thrombosis is reported because of the rarity of the condition in infancy. A review of the literature reveals the following cases with an age range of from 1 to 4½2 years. Wessen1 reported a case of fatal pulmonary embolism in a boy, aged 4 years, following resection of the rib in "pleural" pneumonia. Lutz2 reported observations made at autopsy in twenty-two cases of measles; six of the patients had extensive pulmonary thrombosis and two a portal thrombosis. Three of the eight patients had an associated purulent otitis media and five a sinus thrombosis. Péhu and Horand3 stated that after embolic causes, the most common etiologic factor of pulmonary thrombosis in children is otitis media. Guillemot.4 in speaking of the otogenous origin of pulmonary gangrene, stated that otologists consider pulmonary metastases frequent following a thrombophlebitis of the lateral sinus and rare
STULIK CK, RUST BK. PULMONARY EMBOLISM IN INFANCY. Am J Dis Child. 1929;37(6):1246–1250. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1929.01930060123016
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