Intestinal pneumatosis is a rare condition characterized by the presence of gas in endothelial-lined spaces in the intestinal wall and by a chronic productive inflammation in the surrounding tissue. Turnure1 and Mills2 have reviewed the literature, the latter collecting the reports of 100 cases. In only one of these did the disease occur in an infant; this was in a case reported by Maass.3 During the past three years I have encountered four cases in children at the Babies and Childrens Hospital. This incidence of four cases in 260 autopsies convinces me that the disease in infants is more frequent than has been supposed.
REPORT OF CASES
Case 1.—A white girl, aged 9 weeks, was admitted to the hospital with a history of convulsions of four hours' duration. Examination revealed dehydration, respiratory difficulty and clonic spasm of the face and extremities. Diarrhea had existed for two days,
MOORE RA. INTESTINAL PNEUMATOSIS. Am J Dis Child. 1929;38(4):818–823. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1929.01930100138015
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