The series of cases considered in this analysis includes 344 patients suffering from croup who were admitted to the Willard Parker Hospital. All these patients were treated in the course of one year, although they do not include all of the cases of croup of that particular year. In the cases omitted, either laryngoscopy was not performed or cultures were not made when the patients were admitted.
The routine procedure in each case consisted of a direct laryngoscopic examination, examination of cultures1 taken from the larynx, the nose and the throat and, in addition, the usual physical examination. Results showed the interesting fact that a large percentage of cases of croup diagnosed outside the hospital as laryngeal diphtheria were not diphtheria.
In the first part of the article I propose to show the general conditions accompanying laryngeal diphtheria, the treatment accorded the patients and the effects noted as a result
TOLLE DM. CROUP: AN ANALYSIS OF THREE HUNDRED AND FORTY-FOUR CASES. Am J Dis Child. 1930;39(5):954–968. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1930.01930170039005
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