Acute pyopneumothorax due to infection is a rare condition in the young infant. It has been possible to find only two cases reported in infants under 3 months of age. Both were 4 weeks of age, and the condition was secondary to bronchopneumonia. Our patient was 9 weeks old. The case presented a problem in differential diagnosis and is of interest from this point of view as well.
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
There have been cases of congenital pneumothorax in which symptoms were present at birth, but these are also uncommon, only five having been described thus far.1 Pneumothorax due to infection is exceedingly unusual in infants under 1 year of age, most cases described having occurred in those past 3 years. Moncrieff,2 Bourne,3 Sevestre,4 Bashinski,5 Lereboullet and co-workers,6 and several other observers7
ROGATZ JL, ROSENBERG A. ACUTE PYOPNEUMOTHORAX: A CASE IN AN INFANT AGED NINE WEEKS. Am J Dis Child. 1931;41(5):1104–1110. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1931.01940110098008
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