Reliable standards have been established for estimating the basal metabolism of adults.1 All workers agree that with careful technic a deviation of ±10 or at most 15 per cent in an adult is indicative of an abnormal basal metabolic rate.
No such certainty exists with regard to the generally accepted basal standards for infants and children. Within this age range, the only investigations that define with any precision the reliability and normal limits of variation of the accepted standards are the biometric study of the published data for new-born infants by Harris and Benedict,2 and a statistical analysis of the same data by Murlin.3 To our knowledge, no similar studies are available for older infants and children. In addition, satisfactory standards for estimating the basal metabolism of premature and marasmic infants have not as yet been proposed. These gaps in our knowledge make it extremely difficult for
LEVINE SZ, MARPLES E. THE RESPIRATORY METABOLISM IN INFANCY AND IN CHILDHOOD: XII. A BIOMETRIC STUDY OF BASAL METABOLISM IN NORMAL INFANTS. Am J Dis Child. 1931;41(6):1332–1346. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1931.01940120069008
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