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Progress in Pediatrics
June 1931

ACTINOMYCOSIS IN CHILDREN: A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE AND REPORT OF CASES

Author Affiliations

DETROIT
From the Children's Memorial Hospital, Chicago, and the Otho S. A. Sprague Institute.

Am J Dis Child. 1931;41(6):1419-1443. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1931.01940120156018
Abstract

Standard textbooks of pediatrics, with few exceptions,1 either fail to mention actinomycosis or consider it a rare condition in children.2 I recently saw three such cases and was able to find the records of several additional unpublished cases of the condition in children of 15 years or younger. It is with the idea of calling to the attention of pediatricians the clinical features of this disease that this paper is written.

Actinomycosis is a suppurative process combined with the formation of granulation tissues, the pus of which contains characteristic granules composed of dense aggregates of branched filamentous organisms and their products of transformation or degeneration.3

It was first known as a disease of cattle.4 Leblanc,5 in 1826, described a disease in the cattle of France, the most prominent symptom of which was a swelling of the jaw, which he termed osteosarcoma. In 1877, Bollinger6

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