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Pediatric Biographies
August 1931

WILLIAM BUCHAN, M.D. 1729-1805

Am J Dis Child. 1931;42(2):403-408. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1931.01940140143012

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William Buchan was born in Ancram in Roxburghshire in 1729. At an early age he acted as physician to the village, but in spite of his predilections he was sent to Edinburgh to study divinity, which he soon deserted for medicine. After nine years in Edinburgh, he started to practice in Yorkshire, and shortly after settled at Ackworth, where he was physician to the Foundling Hospital and acquired a reputation in the treatment of children. The hospital was supported by Parliament, and when that body stopped the funds for foundling hospitals he moved to Sheffield, and about 1766 to Edinburgh. He inherited some apparatus used by Ferguson in his studies on natural philosophy and began lectures on this subject, which was popular. When the elder Gregory died, Buchan wished to succeed him; as he failed to do so he went to London, where he was successful in practice but was

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