The earliest work that I have found in Spanish is the pediatric part of the first book on obstetrics in that language written by Damian Carbo y Malferit, or, as he spelt his name later in life, Carbon. However well this book is known to bibliographers, little or nothing is known of Carbon himself or, at least, not much is available in the usual biographic sources. He was born in Palma on the island of Mallorca toward the end of the fifteenth century, perhaps about the time Columbus was discovering America, was granted a degree in arts and in medicine, and became physician to the Junta de Sanidad of the Kingdom and of the island. He died in Palma in 1554.
His book on obstetrics and children is among the rarest of medical items, and but few perfect copies are known, one of which is in the library of the
RUHRÄH J. DAMIAN CARBON: ?—1554. Am J Dis Child. 1931;42(6):1446–1449. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1931.01940190169015
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