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Pediatric Biographies
March 1932


Am J Dis Child. 1932;43(3):709-713. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1932.01950030179019

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Gaucher I, physician in ordinary to François I, had a son born at Loudon, in 1536, to whom he gave the name of Gaucher II, but who was often called Scevola Sainte-Marthe, or Sammarthanus. Sainte-Marthe was educated at the University of Paris and studied law at the University of Poictiers, after which he was employed most of the time by the government. He was treasurer of France at Poictiers in 1579 and deputy in the États de Blois, in 1588. He died at Loudon in 1623, and a statue of him was erected there in appreciation of his services. His funeral oration was delivered by Théophraste Renaudot, physician to the King and the founder of the first French newspaper, Gazette de France. Sainte-Marthe's twin sons became well known historians. He knew Scaliger and Ronsard and dedicated verses to them. A prolific writer, chiefly in Latin, of both prose and verse,

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