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Pediatric Biographies
May 1934

WILLIAM DOUGLASS 1691-1752: NOTES ON THE HISTORY OF SCARLET FEVER

Am J Dis Child. 1934;47(5):1110-1115. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1934.01960120168014
Abstract

In the early part of the eighteenth century there came to America a group of Scotch physicians, among them Cadwallader Colden of New York, Lining, the elder, Moultrie, Chalmers and Garden of South Carolina. Another, a very remarkable man, William Douglass, settled in Boston.

Sydenham had been dead three years when Douglass was born, in Gifford, County of Haddington, Scotland, in 1691. He is said to have received the degree of master of arts at Edinburgh and of doctor of medicine at Utrecht. He also studied at Leyden, and knew Greek, Latin, French and Dutch. In 1716 he went to Boston, and, after a year of travel in the West Indies, he returned to that city in 1718, where he practiced medicine the rest of his life. In 1721, when Zabdiel Boylston began inoculating for smallpox, Douglass wrote, "The Abuse and Scandals of Some Late Pamphlets in Favour of the

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