In reviewing the literature on congenital atresia of the esophagus, almost every author begins with Sir Morell Mackenzie's1 collection of 62 instances compiled in 1884 for the report of his own single case. According to Mackenzie, the first recorded case was that of Durston in 1670. In 1861, Hirschsprung2 collected 10 cases from the literature and reported 4 new cases. In 1913 and 1918, Brennemann3 reported 7 cases seen in a period of five years. In 1919, Plass4 collected the reports of 136 cases of esophageal atresia. Since then, Rosenthal5 has assembled 85 additional cases, of which 61 were associated with tracheoesophageal fistula and 14 were cases of atresia occurring independently. In the 10 remaining cases the presence or absence of fistula was not established by autopsy, although the clinical findings pointed to its existence in the majority of the instances as well as to
STRONG RA, CUMMINS H. CONGENITAL ATRESIA OF THE ESOPHAGUS WITH TRACHEO-ESOPHAGEAL FISTULA. Am J Dis Child. 1934;47(6):1299–1309. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1934.01960130123009
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