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September 1934

ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF THE GALLBLADDER IN CHILDREN: A CHOLECYSTOGRAPHIC STUDY

Author Affiliations

MINNEAPOLIS
From the departments of Anatomy, Pediatrics and Child Welfare, University of Minnesota.

Am J Dis Child. 1934;48(3):565-579. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1934.01960160087007
Abstract

The present study consists primarily of a comparison of the evacuation of the gallbladder in children with the emptying of that viscus in young adults, and is a continuation of a preliminary study made several years ago.1 It is, therefore, an attempt to add to the meager knowledge of the physiologic changes which accompany the growth and development of the gastro-intestinal tract in human beings.

The methods employed were similar to those by which the norm of the adult organ was established.2 Each gallbladder was visualized by oral administration of tetra-iodophenolphthalein—from 2 to 3 Gm. in grape juice, given in two successive doses the night before roentgenograms were made. The next morning, after preliminary films were made, roentgenograms were immediately made again, and the patient was given a glass of yolks of three eggs stirred in milk. Roentgenograms were then made two, four, eight, twelve, sixteen, twenty, twenty-five,

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