In a previous report1 the body builds of two groups of healthy infants were compared. One group, studied at Bellevue Hospital, was derived from poverty-stricken homes and consisted of abandoned infants and infants left in the hospital because of illness of the mothers; the other group, cared for in a well baby clinic at the Fifth Avenue Hospital, consisted of infants from families with moderate incomes. The racial make-up of the groups was similar and was found to be without influence on the dimensions studied.
Measurements made on the two groups showed that the infants from the poverty-stricken homes were shorter and weighed less than did those from the more favorable environment. Moreover, the body builds of the two groups were found to differ, the lateral dimensions of the group at Bellevue Hospital, in relation to total body length, being significantly smaller than similar dimensions for the group from
BAKWIN H, BAKWIN RM, MILGRAM L. BODY BUILD IN INFANTS: IV. THE INFLUENCE OF RETARDED GROWTH. Am J Dis Child. 1934;48(5):1030–1040. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1934.01960180084004
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