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November 1934

Chronic Nephritis and Lead Poisoning.

Am J Dis Child. 1934;48(5):1175. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1934.01960180229020

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In this interesting monograph the author discusses the extreme frequency of chronic nephritis in the children and adults of Queensland, largely from the standpoint of etiology. He shows from statistical and clinical data that the disease is not due to infectious agents in this locality. On the other hand, he found that from 35 to 48 per cent of the victims gave previous histories of having had clinical lead poisoning, a condition extremely prevalent in this part of the world. It is considered that this comes about because of the action of the sun and extreme heat on the lead paint used on houses and fences, causing it to blister, peel and powder. Children handling these dried surfaces transfer the lead from hands to mouth by thum-sucking and nail-biting. The author states: "First, in the nephritis of young adults lead is the first aetiologic factor to be excluded; secondly, every

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