In recent years there has come to be recognized a group of cases of severe primary anemia of the new-born. Attention was first drawn to this disease in 1919 by Ecklin,1 who described a case of severe primary anemia in a 12 day old infant who recovered seven months later. By 1931 Abt2 was able to collect reports of fifteen cases, which he completely reviewed, and Blackfan and his associates3 have reviewed a few cases reported since. So far as we are able to determine, thirty-nine cases have been described in the literature. The condition has been designated as "anemia of the new-born" or "congenital anemia."4 The cases of this type of anemia have been separated from a large group of cases of anemia to conform with Ecklin's original description. The signs and symptoms have been thoroughly reviewed by Abt,2 Blackfan,5 Pasachoff and Wilson
ABBOTT KH, ABBOTT FF. IDIOPATHIC ANEMIA OF THE NEW-BORNA REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE AND A REPORT OF TWO CASES. Am J Dis Child. 1935;49(3):724–735. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1935.01970030170017
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