Charles Michel Billard was born on June 16, 1800, at Pellouaille; he studied in Laval and then in Angers, and, deciding on the study of medicine, he went to Paris in 1824 to work in the hospitals. A year later he published his first work, a large treatise entitled: "Recherches d'anatomie pathologique sur les divers aspects sain et morbides que peuvent présenter l'estomac et les intestins." In the same year he translated Thomson's "Principles of Chemistry" and wrote the history of the malformations of the fetus for Chevreuil's book on obstetrics. He obtained a position in the Hospice des enfants trouvés and began his studies on the new-born, which resulted in his "Traité des maladies des enfants nouveau nés et à la mamelle" which was published in 1828, the year in which he was granted his degree. This was followed by the publication of the "Atlas d'anatomie pathologique pour servir
RUHRÄH J. CHARLES MICHEL BILLARD 1800-1832: A NOTE ON THE HISTORY OF HYPERTROPHY OF THE COLON. Am J Dis Child. 1935;49(3):736–738. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1935.01970030182018
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