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May 1935

CONTOUR OF THE CHEST IN CHILDREN: IV. ACCORDING TO NATIONALITY

Author Affiliations

MINNEAPOLIS
From the Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota.

Am J Dis Child. 1935;49(5):1180-1184. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1935.01970050078008
Abstract

The relation between constitutional characteristics and race has been discussed in the literature by many investigators without any definite conclusions being reached. The studies by Sofer,1 Paulson,2 Stern-Piper,3 Pfuhl,4 Weidenreich5 and von Verschuer6 lead one to believe that there are no definite physical racial characteristics which appear in every individual, although certain characteristics may predominate in various racial groups.

The purpose of this report was to investigate the contour of the chest in groups of children of various nationalities and to compare the thoracic indexes to determine whether in the field of development of the chest there are not some noticeable differences. The ancestry of about eight thousand Minneapolis school children was obtained. The children were classified into eleven groups, and the average thoracic index and the total number of subjects for each group is given in tables 1 and 2. The groups were:

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