The history of pseudohypertrophic muscular dystrophy is usually said to date from Duchenne of Boulogne, who gave the first extended account of it, but it had been noted before by others, although it is doubtful whether Duchenne knew of these. Probably there are references to the condition in the earlier literature, but the earliest one known to me is that by Coste and Gioja which appeared in the Annali clinici dello ospedale degl' incurabili di Napoli, in 1838 and which was noted in Schmidt's Jahrbücher der in- und ausländischen gesammten Medizin.1 One would doubtless have to go to Italy to find out anything concerning Coste and Gioja. Castiglione did not mention them, nor did any of the other writers on medical biography whose books have been consulted. The cases which Coste and Gioja reported are so typical and so striking that the authors deserve a note and a place
RUHRÄH J. COSTE AND GIOJA 1838? A NOTE ON THE HISTORY OF PSEUDOHYPERTROPHIC MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY. Am J Dis Child. 1935;50(1):212–213. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1935.01970070221017
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