Pneumothorax of the clinical variety usually called "spontaneous," while not a particularly rare disease in young adults, occurring with greatest frequency in persons between 20 and 30 years of age, is relatively uncommon in childhood. Coccheri and Rossi1 in 1932 reviewed all the available literature on pneumothorax in children up to 12 years of age and added sixteen cases observed by them, making a total of three hundred cases. None of their own cases, however, occurred in new-born infants. In these infants, that is, in those less than 3 weeks of age, pneumothorax is very rarely encountered. The last detailed discussion on this subject in the English language was by Stein2 in 1930. Stein was able to review only four cases from the literature. The case which he added at that time he concluded, after some years of subsequent observation, to be one of cyst of the lung,
GLASER J, LANDAU DB. PNEUMOTHORAX OF THE NEW-BORN. Am J Dis Child. 1935;50(4):986–997. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1935.01970100164015
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