Carl Leiner was born on Jan. 23, 1871, and was educated in Praha and Vienna. He was graduated in 1898 and began at once to devote his time to pediatrics, acting for a long time as assistant to Knöpfelmacher, but for the ten years preceding his death he was head physician to the Mautner-Markhof Children's Hospital in Vienna. He originated the intracutaneous method of vaccination against smallpox, and he was the first to observe postvaccinal encephalitis. While working in the Weichselbaum Institute he made observations on the virus of poliomyelitis and on other viruses and bacteria. He called attention to the annular erythema observed in cases of rheumatic endocarditis and dieconsiderable work on diseases of the skin with which he was unusually familiar. He wrote the article on this subject for Jadassohn's "Handbuch der Haut-und Geschlechtskrankheiten." He was an unusual com[ill] bination of clinician, practitioner, consultant and scientific investigator[ill] both
RUHRÄH J. CARL LEINER 1871-1930: A NOTE ON THE HISTORY OF ERYTHRODERMA DESQUAMATIVUM. Am J Dis Child. 1935;50(6):1560–1562. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1935.01970120212017
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