Recorded cases of pneumothorax in the neonatal period are so few that the occurrence of such a case is of interest to all physicians. Ruge,1 in 1878, was the first to report a case of pneumothorax in the newborn. The condition was discovered at autopsy. Glaser and Landau2 reviewed the literature carefully and collected and reported 17 cases, including 1 of their own. Five patients showing the condition called by these observers tension pneumothorax died. The general mortality rate was 47 per cent.
Owing to the increasing use of the x-ray apparatus for diagnostic purposes the number of reported cases of spontaneous pneumothorax in which the condition occurred in infants has increased. This is not surprising, as roentgenologic examination is indispensable to its early recognition. Since the appearance of the communication by Glaser and Landau, 11 additional cases of pneumothorax in the neonatal period have been reported. Folke
STRONGIN H. TENSION PNEUMOTHORAX IN NEWBORNREPORT OF A CASE WITH RECOVERY. Am J Dis Child. 1938;56(1):110–113. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1938.01980130119010
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