A Talmudic science of medicine analogous to the Galenic science, which would correspond to the Hindu or Greek system, does not exist. What one generally designates as such should more correctly be termed a compilation of the scattered remarks of Talmudic authors regarding medical matters. These remarks of the different authors were made solely for the purpose of forming a foundation for the Law. This was so because the Talmud1 first of all was intended to lay down normal controls for all conditions of life (Halacha). It is true also that the Agoda contains occasional remarks on subjects from the field of medicine. In connection with this, one must remember that only a small number of the Talmudists were professional physicians and that the larger part of the reports therefore must be attributed to popular medical ideas. What remarks came from lay persons and what from physicians can be
BERNSTEIN A. A TALMUDIC CONTRIBUTION TO THE HISTORY OF DIPHTHERIA. Am J Dis Child. 1938;56(3):612–615. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1938.01980150132012
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