Kala-azar is distinctly a rare disease in the United States; only 4 cases of this infection in children have been reported in the American literature. The first of these was described by Talbot and Lyon1 in 1918, the second by Faber and Schussler2 in 1923 and the third by Wollstein3 in 1925. In 1934 Ginandes4 presented an excellent review of the literature and included the report of a case observed by him. The case to be reported here constitutes the fifth on record and the second to be studied in the Babies Hospital, that of Wollstein having been the first.
All of the patients were born in countries where kala-azar is known to be endemic. Two were born in Greece, 1 in Italy and 1 in Sicily. The subject of the present report was born in Sicily. All cases have been reported from seaport towns in
LEAHY HF. KALA-AZAR. Am J Dis Child. 1939;57(5):1085–1098. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1939.01990050091010
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