The characteristic diseases of childhood are infectious. The supervision of water supplies, the sanitary disposal of sewage and the pasteurization of milk contribute to the control of certain of these diseases. By and large, however, the contact-borne infections present the major problem in the control of communicable disease today, and by establishing the diagnosis and reporting the case the physician takes the first step toward an effective program of prevention. Protection from certain communicable diseases may be secured by the creation of artificial immunity. Periodic medical supervision of well children is a valuable measure for the general promotion of child health. However essential, the development of these preventive health services must not be permitted to obscure the importance of medical care of the sick child as a means of protecting both the sick and the well.
Medical care of the sick child fills the important function of promoting recovery and
HOLLAND DF. THE DISABLING DISEASES OF CHILDHOOD: THEIR CHARACTERISTICS AND MEDICAL CARE AS OBSERVED IN 500,000 CHILDREN IN EIGHTY-THREE CITIES CANVASSED IN THE NATIONAL HEALTH SURVEY OF 1935-1936. Am J Dis Child. 1939;58(6):1157–1185. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1939.01990110021001
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