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Case Reports
December 1939


Author Affiliations

From the Babies Hospital and the Departments of Diseases of Children and Pathology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University.

Am J Dis Child. 1939;58(6):1268-1277. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1939.01990110132012

In 1922 Koch1 described leukemia in a stillborn premature infant. Since that time there have appeared sporadic case reports of congenital leukemia. Büngeler2 pointed out some of the difficulties of diagnosing leukemia in the newborn; he emphasized the failure of earlier writers to differentiate between erythroblastosis foetalis and leukemia and stated that certain cases of von Jaksch anemia may also have been a source of confusion. Kornmann3 collected 5 cases previously described and added a sixth. The present report summarizes the literature and presents an additional case of congenital leukemia.

REPORT OF A CASE  R. B. A., a boy, was admitted to the Babies Hospital when 30 days old with a history of purpura and fever of seven days' duration. The parents were well. There was no family history of a tendency to bleed. The patient was the result of the first pregnancy. Birth was effected with

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