REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE
This is a report on craniofacial growth in children with thyroid deficiency. It is the purpose of this study to indicate the deviations from normal growth which occur and to point out the efficacy of thyroid therapy in inducing developmental progress in the craniofacial areas. It is hoped that the use of a roentgenographic cephalometric technic in the study of abnormal growth will yield some additional information concerning normal developmental progress.Thoma,1 in reviewing the literature on the craniofacial changes in cretinism, stated that characteristic alterations are found in the skull bones, the jaws and the teeth. He cited a number of cases reported by Kranz, Meyerhofer and Knaggs.Knaggs, in describing an 18 year old cretin, wrote:The face looked mean, chiefly owing to the shortening of its upper part. The root of the nose lay farther back than usual and the frontal bone inclined considerably forward above
ENGEL MB, BRONSTEIN IP, BRODIE AG, WESOKE P. IX. A ROENTGENOGRAPHIC CEPHALOMETRIC APPRAISAL OF UNTREATED AND TREATED HYPOTHYROIDISM. Am J Dis Child. 1941;61(6):1193–1214. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1941.02000120065004
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