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Case Reports
July 1943

HEMOLYTIC STREPTOCOCCUS MENINGITIS IN INFANTS UNDER THREE MONTHS OF AGEA REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE AND A REPORT OF A CASE WITH RECOVERY

Am J Dis Child. 1943;66(1):43-48. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1943.02010190050007
Abstract

Hemolytic streptococcus meningitis in infants under 3 months of age is rare. A careful review of the literature yielded 56 reported cases with only 2 recoveries. We are adding a third case with recovery.

Meningitis in infants under 3 months of age is not unusual. Reports during the last forty-seven years include meningitis caused by almost every organism known. In a review of the literature it is noted that some types of infection occur more frequently than others, and in infants under 3 months of age the order of frequency of causative organisms is as follows: Bacillus coli, Pneumococcus, Meningococcus, hemolytic streptococci, Streptococcus viridans, Staphylococcus aureas, Bacillus pyocyaneus, Bacillus lactis aerogenes, Bacillus mucosus capsulatus and Bacillus influenzae.

In 1937, before the use of the sulfonamide compounds for treatment of streptococcic meningitis, one of us (A. M. L.)1 summarized the literature on this disease and collected 123 cases of recovery

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