Prior to the use of penicillin in the treatment of staphylococcic infection, empyema caused by the staphylococcus resulted in a mortality in children of approximately 34 per cent. Ladd and Swan1 recently reviewed the mortality statistics in 33 cases of staphylococcic empyema in infants and children. These patients were treated by various methods. Of the 33 patients, 29 were under 1 year of age, and 12 of these were under 4 months of age. The fatality rate in the latter group was 66 per cent. The fatality rate in the remaining group, of 21, was 4.3 per cent. More recently Riley2 analyzed 29 cases at Babies Hospital in New York and found that 76 per cent of the patients were in the first year of life and the majority of them were under 3 months of age. The mortality rate was 34.5 per cent, but patients of all
HARRIS ES, PLATOU ES. PYOPNEUMOTHORAX IN A PREMATURE BABY SUCCESSFULLY TREATED WITH PENICILLIN. Am J Dis Child. 1945;70(4):226–228. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1945.02020220027005
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