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May 1946

SCARLET FEVER AMONG PUEBLO INDIANS: Observations on Susceptibility and Occurrence

Am J Dis Child. 1946;71(5):477-481. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1946.02020280022003

IT is the purpose of this communication to show that Pueblo Indians are as susceptible to scarlet fever as are non-Indians if the Dick test is used as the criterion of susceptibility and to show by the presentation of a number of clinical cases of scarlet fever among fullblooded Pueblo Indians that the disease is actually contracted by susceptible Indians.

Previous investigators have suggested that scarlet fever is an uncommon disease among the Indians of the Southwest. Hrdlička,1 in 1908, was the first to observe that scarlet fever was rarely found among Southwestern Indians. R. J. Stroud,2 United States Indian Service physician at Salt River Agency in 1925, tested a series of fullblood Indian children and a group of Mexican children between the ages of 6 and 13 years with the Dick test and found 40 per cent positive reactors in each group. He concluded that Indians could