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Progress in Pediatrics
June 1947


Am J Dis Child. 1947;73(6):696-705. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1947.02020410047006

IN THE monthly bulletin issued by the Children's Bureau in March 1942 there appeared the following statements: "Among the causes of neonatal deaths (deaths of infants under one month of age) in the report of the United Bureau of Census, premature birth played the chief role, accounting for 46 per cent of these deaths in 1940." In Chicago, except for infants born in the Michael Reese Hospital, of which the Sarah Morris Hospital for Children is a division, over 90 per cent of the 6,627 premature infants sent to the Sarah Morris Hospital for Children are brought in by a specially equipped ambulance. A total of 1,825 (27.5 per cent) died; of these deaths 55.6 per cent occurred within twenty-four hours and another 14 per cent between twenty-four and forty-eight hours after the infants were received in the station. There is a city regulation which requires a report of premature