In 1788 Hezekiah Beardsley, an American physician, published a report of a "Case of Scirrhus in the Pylorus of an Infant," which Professor William Osler, in 1903, identified as "congenital hypertrophic stenosis of the pylorus." This case report was republished under its newer title in Archives of Pediatrics (1903, 20) with the following note by Professor Osler:
Cantley and Dent in a recent paper (Lancet, Dec. 20, 1902) state that the first record of this disease, which is now exciting a good deal of interest, dates back to 1841. The report here given by Dr. Beardsley of a very clearly and accurately described case, is, I think, worth republishing. It appears in the earliest volume of medical transactions issued in this country entitled, "Cases and Observations of the Medical Society of New Haven County in the State of Connecticut," New Haven, J. Meigs, 1788.
While Beardsley's monograph still stands as
FOOTE J. PYLOROSPASM AND CONGENITAL PYLORIC STENOSIS: PROBABLY THE EARLIEST REPORTED CASE. Am J Dis Child. 1918;XV(5):351–353. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1918.04110230040006
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