Author Affiliation: Department of Pediatrics, Division of Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics, New York University School of Medicine and Bellevue Hospital Center, New York, New York.
Poverty-related disparities in early development, school readiness, and educational achievement represent a major public health crisis.1 In 2011, 48% of fourth-grade children in low-income families in the United States read at the below-basic level compared with only 18% of children from families with more resources.2 A recent instrumental variable analysis demonstrated that each $10 000 reduction in household income is associated with a half standard deviation reduction in child educational achievement.3
Mendelsohn AL. Addressing Disparities in School Readiness Through Promotion of Parenting in Well-Child Care: The Broader Context of Let's Read. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012;166(11):1071–1073. doi:10.1001/archpediatrics.2012.154
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