During the last quarter of a century scientific methods have replaced empiricism in the protection of pregnant women and of nurslings. A coordinated program was elaborated with ideas more and more distinct, and this program has been applied in more and more numerous instances, each day becoming more adequate.
In the establishment of this scientific plan it would be an injustice to misunderstand the secular participation of good sense and of tradition. In the eighteenth century Jean Jacques Rousseau recommended very forcefully maternal nursing as the ultimate solution.
In conformity with these appeals to reason and sentiment, a memorable series of charitable initiatives followed, through the clairvoyant French Revolution, from St. Vincent de Paule to Théophile Roussel. The Queen, Marie Antoinette, in patronizing the Society for Material Charity had the vision of realities, as did Barère and Maignet, members of the "Convention."The author of the "Contrat Social"
STRAUSS MP. PUERICULTURE IN FRANCE. Am J Dis Child. 1918;16(4):207–211. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1918.01910160002001
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