The kind and the amount of food consumed by people during infancy, childhood and the reproductive period predetermine in a large measure the future health and strength of the nation. Infants, born and yet to be born, are the citizens of the future, and the foundation of the physical fitness of a people is embedded in the feeding and the care of the nation's infants. Food must be adequate in amount and carry all the essential materials for the formation, the repair and the regulation of tissue during the formative periods—gestation, infancy and childhood—if the health foundation under the nation is to be stable, efficient and invincible. Conditioning factors coincident with pregnancy, parturition and lactation may increase the food requirements of the mother, as growth and development do those of the child, hence provision must be made to take care of these newly acquired and changing needs.1
MACY IG, WILLIAMS HH, PRATT JP, HAMIL BM. XIX. IMPLICATIONS OF BREAST FEEDING AND THEIR INVESTIGATION. Am J Dis Child. 1945;70(3):135–141. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/archpedi.1945.02020210002001
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