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August 1948


Author Affiliations

Fellow in Surgery, Mayo Foundation; ROCHESTER, MINN.
From the Section on Pediatrics, the Mayo Clinic (Dr. Kennedy).; This paper is an abridgment of a thesis submitted by Dr. Costin to the Faculty of the Graduate School of the University of Minnesota in partial fulfilment of the requirements for degree of Master of Science in Surgery.

Am J Dis Child. 1948;76(2):127-153. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1948.02030030136001

OVARIAN tumors in infants and children are uncommon. Their incidence in girls less than 15 years of age has been stated to be about 1 per cent1 of all tumors occurring in children of both sexes in this age group.

The purpose of this paper is to determine the clinical symptoms and signs presented by ovarian tumors and their pathologic nature as they occur in infants and children.

HISTORICAL DATA ON GENERAL INCIDENCE  The first ovariotomy on a child for ovarian tumor was performed by Giraldes in 1866. The child was 13 years old.2 In 1882, Chenoweth3 reported the case of a girl aged 8 who had a tumor weighing 16½ pounds (7.5 Kg.), which he successfully removed. He collected 23 cases of ovarian tumor in children from the literature. These included operative and nonoperative cases. In 1890, Kelly4 reported a case in which a multilocular

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