IN A PRECEDING paper1 electrolyte balance studies were carried out on premature infants who were on a diet of diluted evaporated milk and "dextri-maltose." The results demonstrated that these infants tended to retain small quantities of chloride in excess of the sodium required for the formation of new extracellular fluid of normal composition. Consequently, the serum chloride concentration was somewhat higher than that of normal adults or of full term, breast-fed infants, and the serum carbon dioxide content was slightly lower. The serum sodium levels tended to be on the low side of normal. However, these infants did not have any recognizable difficulties as a result of this condition. Their growth was normal, and they remained in good health. After several weeks, the serum chloride tended to return to a lower level.
The present paper deals with the effect of a diet of protein milk powder on the acid-base balance
HOFFMAN WS, PARMELEE AH, GROSSMAN A. MECHANISM OF PRODUCTION OF ACIDOSIS IN PREMATURE INFANTS BY PROTEIN MILK. Am J Dis Child. 1948;75(5):637–659. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1948.02030020654001
Monkeypox Resource Center
Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.