Varicocele is an abnormal tortuosity and dilatation of the pampiniform venous plexus that results from valvular incompetence of the spermatic vein. It rarely appears before age 10 years, and it tends to persist throughout life if left untreated. Early detection may be important because varicocele may occasionally cause infertility and is in rare cases a sign of intra-abdominal cancer.1-3 Considering that the incidence of varicocele peaks toward the end of puberty, we sought to study the incidence and characteristics of varicocele in a large homogeneous group of older adolescents, and to compare the findings with reports in the literature.
Nussinovitch M, Greenbaum E, Amir J, Volovitz B. Prevalence of Adolescent Varicocele. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2001;155(7):855–856. doi:10.1001/archpedi.155.7.855
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